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Railway locomotive timeline early 18th century.

In 1800 railway locomotives were starting to appear. Oliver Evans an American inventor who produced an improved high-pressure steam engine which was his second most important invention. In 1804 Oliver Evans builds his first steam powered boat called Oruktor Amphibolos. Evans also designed a refrigeration machine which ran on vapor in 1805, he is often called the inventor of the refrigerator, although he never built one.

In 1804 Matthew Murray English steam engine and machine tool manufacturer, who designed and built the first commercially viable steam locomotive, the twin cylinder Salamanca in 1812. The Salamanca was the first rack and pinion locomotive. Murray was an innovative designer in many fields, including steam engines, machine tools and machinery for the textile industry.

In 1804 a British inventor and mining engineer Richard Trevithick builds first high pressure steam engine and he also built the first full-scale working railroad steam locomotive. On February 21, 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the penydarren ironworks, near Merthyr Tydfil in Wales.

In 1807 the first passenger horse-drawn railroads were opened between Swansea and Mumbles.

In 1808 Richard Trevithick publicized his steam railroad locomotive expertise by building a new locomotive called Catch me who can in Shropshire. He ran it on a circular track just south of the present day Euston square tube station in London, the "steam circus" was one shilling which included a ride and it was intended to show that railroad travel was faster than by horse.

In 1812 the first commercially successful steam locomotive was Matthew Murray’s rack locomotive, Salamanca, built for the narrow gauge Middleton Railway in 1812. This was followed in 1813 by the Puffing Billy built by Christopher Blackett and William Hedley for the Wylam Colliery railroad, the first successful locomotive running by adhesion only.

In 1821 Englishman, Julius Griffiths was the first person to patent a passenger road locomotive.

In 1824 construction begins on the 1st locomotive workshop in New Castle, England.

In 1825 George Stephenson builds the world’s first public railways which was the Stockton and Darlington. The first locomotive for the railroad was named the ‘Locomotion’ and hauled an 80-ton load of coal and flour nine miles in two hours, reaching a speed of 24 miles per hour on one stretch of track. The first purpose-built passenger car added to the Experiment, was attached, and carried thrill seekers on the opening journey. It was the first time passenger traffic had been run on a steam locomotive railroad. Continue to mid 18th century railway timeline


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