Baltimore Ohio Railroad
In 1826 the first line of rails in the New England States is said to have been laid down at Quincy, Mass., 3 miles in length and pulled by horses.
In 1827 The Baltimore Ohio Railroad is chartered to run from Baltimore to the Ohio River in Virginia. It was the first westward bound railroad in America. The Baltimore Ohio Railroad was one of the oldest railroads in the United States and the first common carrier railroad. Itís now part of the CSX Transportation network, and includes the oldest operational railroad bridge in the USA.
In 1829 the Stourbridge Lion was the first steam locomotive to be operated in the United States, it was also one of the first locomotives to operate outside of England, where it was manufactured in 1828. The locomotive earned the name Lion from the picture of a lion's face that was painted on the front of the locomotive by its builder. The Stourbridge portion of the name is from the town of Stourbridge in England, where the locomotive was manufactured. But the Lion was too heavy for the track which called for no more than 4 tons and the Lion was about 7.5 tons, so it ended up as a stationary boiler.
In 1829 Peter Cooper of New York builds the Tom Thumb steam locomotive, it has a vertical boiler and make 1.4 HP and was used on the Baltimore Ohio Railroad. It hauled 36 passengers at 18 mph in August 1830.
In 1829 James Wright of Columbia invents the cone "tread" of the wheel, which prevents wear of flanges and reduces resistance.
In 1829 George Stephensonís The Rocket was the most advanced steam engine of its day. It won a competition for locomotive power at the Rainhill Trials on the Manchester & Liverpool Railway. The rocket was the only locomotive to complete the trials. It averaged 12 miles per hour and achieved a top speed of 30 miles per hour while hauling 13 tons.
In 1830 the Best Friend of Charleston was a steam-powered railroad locomotive. It is widely acclaimed as the first locomotive to be built entirely within the United States. It also produced the first locomotive boiler explosion in the US. The Best Friend was used in regular passenger service along a six mile demonstration route in Charleston. For the time, this locomotive was considered one of the fastest modes of transport available, taking its passengers "on the wings of wind at the speed of fifteen to twenty-five miles per hour." The only mode of travel at this time was by an experienced horse and rider.
In 1832 the American No. 1 was the first 4-4-0, the first of its class. It was capable of regular speeds of 60 mph with its 9.5" by 16" cylinders. It was designed by John B. Jervis, Chief Engineer for the Mohawk & Hudson.
In 1832 the Atlantic on the Baltimore Ohio Railroad hauls 50 tons from Baltimore over a distance of 40 miles at 12 to 15 mph. This engine weighed 6.5 tons, carried 50 pounds of steam and burned a ton of anthracite coal on the round trip. The round trip cost $16, doing the work of 42 horses, which had cost $33 per trip. The engine cost $4,500, and was designed by Phineas Davis, assisted by Ross Winans. English locomotives burned bituminous coal.
In 1833 George Stephenson applies a small steam brake cylinder to operate brake shoes on driving wheels of locomotives.
Baltimore Ohio Railroad continue to late 18th century